Drainage is an essential part of our urban structure and community, yet it is something many of us take for granted. What many people do not know is that there are different types of drainage systems. Knowing about the different drainage systems can help homeowners to better care and identify problems with their home drainage system. D’Amorie Construction would like to highlight the different types of drainage systems to better understand their importance and how to protect our homes and community from devastating floods.
Significance & Importance of Drainage
Drainage systems are all about removing excess water, whether it is from rain, domestic usage, or other sources. A properly working drainage system ensures sewage and wastewater gets effectively channeled away, ensuring healthy conditions within any given environment. Its ultimate goal? To ensure that waste matter is systematically removed without allowing harmful gases from sewers or septic tanks to permeate living spaces.
Types of Drainage Systems for Homes
Every homeowner knows the importance of a sound drainage system. The correct system ensures that excess water is removed reducing threats like flooding, rotting, mold, and structural damage. There are several types of residential drainage systems:
• Surface Drainage System: This is the most basic form, using shallow ditches designed in parallel patterns to guide run-off water into the main drain, ensuring areas remain free of water pooling.
• Subsurface Drainage System: Also known as a French drain, it functions beneath the soil surface, drawing water away at the root level. This system requires deep trenching and installation of underground pipes which lead to a primary collector drain.
• Slope Drainage System: A system designed to take advantage of gravity. Slope drains use pipes anchored on inclines to move water downwards and away from specific structures.
• Downspout and Gutter Systems: An essential component of most houses, these systems collect rainwater from roofs, directing it away from the home. Downspouts ensure that water is released on a slope to prevent pooling.
What is the Difference Between Combined & Separate Drainage System?
While there are various systems for specific purposes, it’s also worth noting the broader categorization of combined and separate drainage systems.
• Combined Drainage Systems: A more economical option, these use one single drain to handle both sanitary water and rainwater. Both types of water share a sewer in this setup.
• Separate Drainage Systems: A more complex and relatively pricier setup. Here, wastewater is directed to a sanitary sewer, while rainwater from roofs and other surfaces has its distinct drainage system leading to a surface water sewer.
Residential & Commercial Drainage System Service & More in Orchard Park, Blasdell, West Seneca, Lackawanna, Cheektowaga, Buffalo NY & Western New York
Drainage systems play a major role in ensuring our homes and communities remain safe, sanitary, and free from the damages of water accumulation. Proper installation, follows building and design codes. Not only does it protect properties and residents, but it also plays a role in the broader environmental condition by preventing water pollution and soil erosion. When you find the need to redesign, improve or install a drainage system and need help, contact D’Amorie Construction and schedule our services today.